Carbon Pricing Leadership Coalition
Carbon emissions from the burning of fossil fuels already carry a hefty price, though people are rarely aware of it. The bill comes to all of us masked in public health care costs, harm to the environment, and the effects of climate change.
But what if the cost of carbon emissions was instead paid at the source, where choices about fuel use are made? How would that change the incentive structure underpinning our global reliance on fossil fuels?
That's the idea behind carbon pricing. It shifts the social costs of climate change to the source of the pollution, encouraging polluters to reduce emissions and invest in clean energy and low-carbon growth.
So how do we put a price on carbon, and why do so many government and business leaders support it?
In September 2014, the idea of a Carbon Pricing Leadership Coalition formed from a groundswell of support for carbon pricing at the UN Climate Summit, where 74 countries and more than 1,000 companies expressed support for carbon pricing. The Coalition officially launched at COP21 in Paris, with the goal to expand the use of effective carbon pricing policies that can maintain competitiveness, create jobs, encourage innovation, and deliver meaningful emissions reductions.
On October 19, 2015, World Bank Group President Jim Yong Kim and International Monetary Fund Managing Director Christine Lagarde launched The Carbon Pricing Panel with heads of government and supported by private sector leaders.
Panel members are demonstrating leadership and calling on their peers to join them in putting a price on carbon.
A growing number of leaders – national, local and corporate – are speaking out in support of carbon pricing. Listen as they describe their experiences with carbon pricing and the reasons they consider it a powerful and efficient way to reduce emissions.
views on pricing carbon
Having mapped the global spread of carbon pricing schemes since 2013 in the State and Trends of Carbon Pricing report that Ecofys writes annually with the World Bank, we find the proverbial glass remains both half-full and half-empty: unarguably, a carbon pricing wave is going on, but it has not yet resulted in a low carbon tsunami.
The Americas are well-positioned to lead the world on carbon pricing, with carbon taxes or emission trading already being implemented in Chile, Mexico, Colombia, California, the nine states of the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative, Washington, Alberta, British Columbia, Quebec, and Ontario. Carbon pricing is under discussion in additional countries, states, and provinces.
Model-driven energy scenarios provide policymakers and investors with a powerful decision-support tool but should not be used as a decision-making tool due to several limitations. So argues a new study in the journal Energy and Environment by Sergey Paltsev, deputy director of the MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change and a senior research scientist for both the Joint Program and the MIT Energy Initiative. The study shows that overall, energy scenarios are useful for assessing policymaking and investment risks associated with different emissions reduction pathways, but tend to overestimate the degree to which future energy demand will resemble the past.
On the eve of the World Economic Forum’s Annual Meeting in Davos, CDP announced the Carbon Pricing Corridor initiative, the world’s first industry-led initiative aimed at defining the investment-grade carbon prices needed for the power and industrial sectors to meet the Paris Agreement. The initiative seeks to address the emerging questions on how companies can manage climate change risk through the use of carbon price scenarios.